History of Savannah


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On February 12, 1733, General James Oglethorpe and his settlers landed at Yamacraw Bluff and were greeted by Tomochichi, the Yamacraws, and Indian traders John and Mary Musgrove. Mary Musgrove often served as a translator.

The city of Savannah was founded on that date, along with the colony of Georgia. In 1751 Savannah and the rest of Georgia became a Royal Colony and Savannah was made the colonial capital of Georgia. The city was named for the Savannah River, which probably derives from variant names for the Shawnee, a Native American people who migrated to the river in the 1680s.

Another theory is that the name Savannah is derived from the English term savanna, a kind of tropical grassland, which was borrowed by the English from Spanish sabana and used in the Southern Colonies. (The Spanish word comes from the Taino word zabana.) Still other theories suggest that the name Savannah originates from Algonquian terms meaning "southerner" or perhaps "salt".

Climate

Savannah's climate is classified as humid subtropical (Köppen Cfa) and is characterized by hot, humid summers and cool winters. Due to its proximity to the Atlantic coast, Savannah experiences milder winters than the Georgia interior. Despite this, temperatures as high as 105 °F (41 °C) and as low as 3 °F (-16 °C) have been recorded. Summers tend to be humid with many thunderstorms. Nearly half of Savannah's precipitation falls during the months of June through September, characteristic of monsoon-type climates. As the city is south of the snow line, it rarely receives snow in winter. Occasional Arctic cold fronts in winter can push nighttime temperatures into the 20s, but usually not much further than that.

[hide]Climate data for Savannah, Georgia (Savannah/Hilton Head Int'l), 1981-2010 normals
MonthJanFebMarAprSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)84
(29)
86
(30)
94
(34)
95
(35)
102
(39)
97
(36)
89
(32)
83
(28)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C)60.4
(15.8)
64.3
(17.9)
70.9
(21.6)
77.6
(25.3)
86.0
(30.0)
78.4
(25.8)
70.6
(21.4)
62.5
(16.9)
77.35
(25.19)
Average low °F (°C)39.0
(3.9)
42.0
(5.6)
48.0
(8.9)
53.9
(12.2)
68.1
(20.1)
57.8
(14.3)
48.2
(9.0)
41.1
(5.1)
56.37
(13.54)
Record low °F (°C)3
(-16)
8
(-13)
20
(-7)
28
(-2)
43
(6)
28
(-2)
15
(-9)
9
(-13)
3
(-16)
Precipitation inches (mm)3.69
(93.7)
2.79
(70.9)
3.73
(94.7)
3.07
(78)
4.58
(116.3)
3.68
(93.5)
2.37
(60.2)
2.95
(74.9)
47.94
(1,217.7)
Avg. precipitation days (= 0.01 in)9.08.17.76.89.67.06.88.4108.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours176.7183.6232.5276.0213.0229.4192.0173.62,758.8
Source #1: NOAA [14]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (records) [15]

 

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